Ana Mendieta

In a brief yet prolific career, the Cuban-born artist Ana Mendieta (1948–1985) created groundbreaking work in photography, performance, film, drawing, sculpture, mixed media, and site-specific installations. Mendieta is a pioneer among those artists dealing with identity politics and feminism. Her unique hybrid of form and documentation, works that she titled “siluetas”, are fugitive and potent traces of the artist’s inscription of her body in the landscape, transformed by fire, water and natural materials. Ana Mendieta’s work has been the subject of five major museum retrospectives, the most recent of which—Ana Mendieta: Earth Body, Sculpture and Performance 1972–1985—was organized by the Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden in 2005 and traveled to the Whitney Museum of American Art, the Des Moines Art Center and the Miami Art Museum. Her works are found in over 30 public collections worldwide, including the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York; Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, D.C.; Musee d’Art Moderne et Contemporain (MAMCO), Geneva; and Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid; Tate Gallery, London; Verbund Collection, Vienna; and the Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris. Mendieta was born in Havana, Cuba in 1948 and died in New York City in 1985.